Laws of the Universe

  • March 20, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Braess' Paradox

    *Adding an additional road to a traffic network sometimes causes traffic to move slower.* Back in 1990, there was a big Earth Day celebration in New York City. To accommodate the festivities the City ...

  • March 13, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Chargaff's law

    *In any stand of DNA the amount of adenine is equal to the amount of thymine, and the amount of cytosine is equal to the amount of guanine.* This is a story - one of the greatest stories in all of sci...

  • March 02, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Celsius temperature

    *The first scientific temperature scale, and the one used by nearly the entire world.* We've had units of length, area, weight and volume for millennia, but the attempt to put numbers to temperature h...

  • February 24, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Collatz conjecture

    *Any positive integer that repeatedly undergoes the Collatz transformation will eventually equal 1.* In the world of mathematics there are many unsolved problems named after people. The problem is, th...

  • February 21, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Hotelling's law

    *Producers of products and services tend to make their products and services as similar as possible to those of their competitors.*

  • February 16, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Perlin noise

    *A mathematical method used to simulate the type of randomness found in nature.* Many things in nature are perfectly regular, like the repeating atomic structure of a diamond, or the tiled hexagons of...

  • February 11, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Maillard reaction

    *The chemical reaction that occurs when food browns.* Cooking is all about chemistry. Well, actually it’s about biology too. Not to mention geography, economics, culture, sex, climate, politics, and...

  • February 05, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Jevons' paradox

    *Using a natural resource more efficiently leads to an increased amount of the natural resource being used.* In the last forty years or so, we’ve done an amazing job at making automobiles cleaner an...

  • January 29, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Peto's paradox

    *Within a single species the incidence of cancer is correlated with the number of cells. But between species it isn't.* Every incidence of cancer begins with a mutation in one or a few cells. Those ge...

  • January 25, 2017 Laws of the Universe - Ohm's law

    *Voltage equals current times resistance.* There is nothing more fundamental to electricity than Ohm’s law. Everyone who works in fields related to electricity or electronics makes use of it — you...