6/1: Student Privacy, Equity, and Digital Literacy News
by Student Privacy, Equity, and Digital Literacy Newsletter
Student Privacy, Equity, and Digital Literacy Newsletter
Week Two: June 1, 2016
The Youth and Media team at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society and the Data & Society Research Institute are proud to bring you this Student Privacy, Equity, and Digital Literacy newsletter on a bi-weekly basis. If you have suggestions or reflections, please send them our way—thanks for reading!
Student Data Privacy
NASBE Student Privacy State Legislative Recap
The National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) Student Privacy State Legislative Recap 2016 webinar was last Thursday. The core issues of the 2016 session included establishing governance related to data privacy, governing third parties and service providers, improving transparency, and considering the role of parental consent and notification. Slides from the webinar will be archived sometime this week here. On top of that NASBE released a policy update this month on trends in student data privacy bills. One trend in new laws is the regulation of third parties to ensure that students get equal privacy protection regardless of whether they can afford their own device or relies on school devices.
An overview of major statistics that can be found in the update include:
38 states have considered 112 new bills on student privacy
73 bills have carried over from the previous session
18 of these have become law as of May 24th
Legislation on data privacy governance accounted for 73 of the measures
Happenings: The Future of Privacy Forum and ConnectSafely released the Educator’s Guide to Student Data Privacy, which is a free guide that gives advice to teachers on how to keep student information private. The guide covers information such as what exactly student data is, good practice for using and vetting apps in the classroom, and further educational resources. Learning to be Watched: Surveillance Culture at School examines the role of advertising in schools and provides an overview of relevant legislative actions.
Data & Equity
Office for Civil Rights Enforcement Activities
The US Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) released a report detailing OCR’s enforcement activities that were aimed towards protecting students’ civil rights in 2015. The OCR administers the Civil Rights Data Collection initiative that includes 97,000 U.S. public schools and 49 million students. Edweek created visual representations of the civil rights complaints detailed in the OCR report, highlighting that black students have three times the expulsion and suspension rate of white students and that of high schools with high concentrations of black and Hispanic students, 1 in 4 do not offer second-year algebra courses.
Rep. Jackie Speier introduced a bill that would require purchasers of prepaid cell phones to present identification showing their name, address, & date of birth on March 16, 2016. Color of Change has circulated a petition against the passing of this bill, claiming that it is likely to have disparate impact on low-income and Black communities. Color of Change believes that the laws rely on “heightened standards of identification that overwhelmingly target and marginalize Black communities.” This bill has potential consequences for low income students’ access. A 2015 Common Sense Media report revealed that only 54% of teens in lower-income families have a laptop at home, as opposed to 92% of teens in higher-income families. The researchers found that in low income households without regular computer or Internet access, some teenagers used smartphones to complete their online homework assignments. The Alliance for Excellent Education held a webinar on May 6, 2016 discussing district strategies for achieving digital equity emphasizing the role of out of school broadband access. During the webinar Keith Krueger, CEO of the Consortium for School Networking (CoSN), noted that the vast majority of schools are not thinking about digital equity.